英语常用词用法详解大词典-advise

2018-03-1018:28:57 发表评论 1,032

advise

v. (advises; advised; advising)

双解释义

1.vt. & vi.劝告,提建议 give advice to (sb), tell sb what one thinks should be done; warn, caution, offer counsel; give an opinion, recommend

2.vt.(商业)通知,报告 inform; give information or notice to sb (business style)

英语常用词用法详解大词典-advise

基本要点

1.advise的基本意思是“劝告,提出建议”,在旧时和现今的美式英语中还表示“向某人请教,与某人商量”。advise在商业用语中可作“通知,报告”解,是正式用法。

2.advise的搭配范围很广,生活中重要的和一般的事物均可使用。

3.advise用作及物动词时,其宾语可以是名词、代词、动名词,也可以是that从句。advise也可接双宾语,其直接宾语可由名词、带疑问词的动词不定式和that/wh-从句充当。advise还可接由动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。

4.advise可用以引出直接引语,可用于被动结构。

5.advise间或可用作不及物动词。

6.advise作“劝告”解时其后的that从句须用虚拟式。具体说来, that从句作宾语时谓语动词可用动词原形,也可用“should+动词原形”; that从句用作双宾语中的直接宾语时,谓语动词多用“should+动词原形”。advise作“建议”解时谓语动词多用虚拟式,作“通知”解时一般要用陈述式。

词汇搭配

~+名词

~ one's friends通知朋友们

~ the city police通知市警察局

~ the government向政府提出建议

~ a change of air建议换换空气

~ a complete rest建议全休

~ an early start建议早点动身

~ extreme caution建议要极端谨慎

~ prudence劝…谨慎

~ secrecy建议严守秘密

~ going slow劝(某人)慢走

~ taking a different approach建议采取不同的方法

~+副词

~ briefly简洁地劝告

~ brusquely粗暴地警告

~ brutally蛮横地提意见

~ cautiously小心地劝说

~ cleverly机敏地告诫

~ coolly冷静地劝告,冷淡地告知

~ disinterestedly无私地忠告

~ earnestly诚挚地劝告

~ explicitly直率地劝告

~ fervently热心地劝告

~ impartially公正地劝告

~ incompetently不适当地建议

~ intelligently明智地建议

~ moderately温和地劝说

~ needlessly不必要地劝告

~ pertinently中肯地劝告

~ rashly贸然提议

~ rightly正当告诫

~ safely很有把握地主张

~ sagely明智地建议

~ shrewdly机灵地劝告

~ solemnly严肃地提议

~ strenuously热烈地商议,紧张地商议

~ strongly竭力劝告

~ unhesitatingly毫不犹豫地建议

~ unselfishly大公无私地建议

~ urgently强硬地劝说

~ wisely明智地劝告

~+介词

~ sb against smoking劝某人不要吸烟

~ sb against the danger劝某人提防危险

~ sb against the use of sugar劝某人不要吃糖

~ sb against wrong劝某人别干坏事

句型例句

用作不及物动词

▲S+~(+A)

I'll act as you advise.我将按你的意见行事。

Will you advise on these points?关于这几点请你提提意见好吗?

When a person gives advice, he advises.当一个人向别人提出忠告时,他就是在进行劝导。

It is easy for you to advise, but difficult to take advice from others.劝告别人容易,接受劝告就难了。

The playwright was invited to advise in the production.剧作家应邀对创作提出意见。

用作及物动词

▲S+~+pron./n.

I want you to advise me.希望你给我忠告。

I'm only trying to advise you.我不过想给你个忠告。

There is no one to advise her.没有人去劝她。

You'll be able to advise us.你一定能给我们出主意。

A lawyer should advise his clients as to their legal rights.律师应对其委托人争取合法权益出主意。

We need some qualified person to advise us in the matter of the investment of the trust funds.在把信托基金用于投资的问题上,我们需要有一个内行给我们当参谋。

The control-room listened carefully and then advised the astronauts.控制室仔细地听着,然后给宇航员提出忠告。

What would you advise?你有什么建议?

The secretary advised immediate settlement of the issue.秘书建议立即解决这个问题。

I will advise you in a day or two.过一两天我会通知你。

He had advised the city police station.他已经通知市警察局。

◇ 用于be ~ed结构

Be advised by me.接受我的意见吧。

▲S+~+v-ing

I'd advise taking a different approach.我建议换个方法。

She advised holding a class meeting.她提议召开一次班会。

He advised losing some weight, getting plenty of sleep and eating good meals.他建议减肥,有充足的睡眠并要吃得好一点。

He advised reading the letter carefully before answering it.他建议在回信之前把信好好地看看。

They advised investigating the cause of the railway accident.他们建议调查列车发生事故的原因。

Who advised his making that statement?谁劝他发表那个声明的?

▲S+~+that-clause

He advised that she not get up so late.他劝她不要那么晚起床。

Tom advised that they be printed.汤姆建议把它印刷出来。

▲引出直接引语

“Don't go jumping to conclusions,” Minnie advised.“不要贸然下结论,”明尼劝说。

用作双宾动词

▲S+~+pron./n.+wh-to-v

I advised her where to stay.我向她提议在何处逗留。

Can you advise me how to do it?你看我该怎么办好?

▲S+~+pron./n.+that-clause

I advised her that she should wait.我劝她应当等一等。

We have advised her that we are coming.我们已通知她,我们要来。

A stone guidepost advised him that Gaza was still eight miles distant.一块指路碑告诉他离加沙还有8英里。

We are to advise you that the matter is under consideration.此事已在考虑之中,特此通知。

◇ 用于be ~ed结构

We have been advised that the roads are too icy for the trip.有人告诉我们公路上已结满了冰,不宜旅行。

▲S+~+pron./n.+wh-clause

Would you advise me where I should spend my holidays this summer?你给我参谋参谋今年夏天我在哪儿度假好?

Please advise me which is the best.请告诉我哪个最好。

Please advise us when the goods are dispatched.发货时请通知我们。

Will you advise us when the goods should arrive?请通知货物将在什么时候到达?

Please advise us whether the goods should be dispatched at once.请通知我们是否要立即发货。

▲引出直接引语

“Don't believe everything you hear,Nick!” he advised me.“别听什么都信以为真,尼克,”他告诫我说。

用作宾补动词

▲S+~+pron./n.+to-v

What would you advise me to do?你想要我做些什么?

I strongly advised you not to do so.我竭力主张你不要这样做。

You want to find your sister tonight,I advise you to look in the Boylan Estate.今晚你想要找你姐姐,我劝你到博伊兰庄园去找。

I earnestly advised him to cooperate.我诚挚地劝说他合作。

The doctor advised him not to drink excessively.医生劝他不要饮酒过度。

I advised myself to send up a little repast suitable to so delicate young palates.我考虑筵席必须准备得精美可口,以适合这些年轻姑娘的口味。

I can safely advise you to buy it.我劝你买它是不会错的。

He often advises people to use their brains.他常常劝人多用脑子。

Doctors advised me to have it removed.大夫们劝我把它割掉。

They often give talks, advising children to acquire hygienic habits.他们常作报告,告诫孩子们养成良好的卫生习惯。

If you don't feel well,I advise you to stay in bed.如果你感到不舒服,我建议你卧床休息。

◇ 用于be ~ed结构

So they were advised to form another fire company.所以有人建议他们另外成立一个消防队。

▲S+~+n./pron.+to be adj.

I advised him to be cautious.我劝他要当心。

常用短语

?advise about〔on〕 (v.+prep.)

(就某事或做某事)向某人提出建议或忠告 give sb advice about〔on〕 sth or doing sth

▲advise sb about〔on〕 sth

Priests advise their churchgoers about many personal troubles.牧师就许多人的烦恼问题向常去做礼拜的教徒提了忠告。

He advised her about her business affairs.他对她的生意经营提出一些意见。

I have advised you on that subject.就这个问题我给你提过建议。

She advises the government on economic affairs.她就经济形势向政府提出建议。

Perhaps you are the best man to advise me on this question.在这个问题上,你可能是能给我提出建议的最合适的人。

▲advise sb about〔on〕 v-ing

Experienced seamen will advise you about sailing in this weather.有经验的海员会告诉你在这种天气条件下的航行情况。

▲advise sb about〔on〕 wh-to-v

The teachers advised the freshmen on how to use their time to the best advantage.老师指导一年级新生如何充分利用时间。

▲advise sb about〔on〕 wh-clause

Experienced seamen will advise you about whether you should sail the boat in this weather.有经验的海员会告诉你在这种天气条件下是否可以航行。

?advise against (v.+prep.)

告诫; 强烈反对 warn sb not to do sth; turn against strongly

▲advise against sth

In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。

▲advise sb against sth/v-ing

Father advised me against the danger.爸爸劝我提防危险。

Her mother advised her against marrying in haste.她母亲劝她不要匆匆结婚。

?advise of (v.+prep.)

向某人告知某事或提醒某事 give information or warning to sb about sth

▲advise sb of sth

I advised you of the danger.我提醒你提防危险。

The motoring organizations have advised motorists of thick mists on the mountains.摩托车俱乐部已通知车手山上有浓雾。

Please advise me of any change of address.如地址有变化,敬请通知。

He has not advised his friends of his marriage.他未把他的婚事通知朋友们。

I'll advise you of my future plan.我会把今后的打算告诉你的。

The nurses advised the doctors of the conditions of their patients.护士向医生报告病人的情况。

He advised me of his whereabouts.他把他的行踪告诉了我。

Please advise us of the dispatch of the goods.请通知我们货物的发运情况。

◇ 用于be ~ed结构

He has been advised of the state of the market.他已得知市场的行情。

The room began filled with offspring who were advised of their sister's betrothal.那些得到姐姐订婚消息的晚辈们开始挤进她的房间。

?advise with (v.+prep.)

〈美〉商量,商议; 从某处得到意见 meet and talk with; get advice from sb; take counsel with

〔说明〕 advise with后一般接人,不接物。

▲advise with sb/sth

I could advise with no one.我无人可商量。

You'll advise with him on these points.这几点你要和他商量一下。

Before buying a house he advised with friends who owned houses.买房前他请教了有房的朋友们。

Before making any decision, the President usually advises with leading members of his special information committee.在作出任何决定之前,总统通常与其特别顾问委员会的主要成员进行磋商。

She has gone to advise with her classmates about going to the countryside.她已经去找同学们商量下乡的事。

He'll advise with his parents on his studies.他将同父母商讨他的学习问题。

He advised with his colleagues on the teaching programme.他与同事们商讨教学计划。

He inspects their farms and advises with them on the best farming methods.他视察了他们的农场并与他们商讨最佳耕作方法。

I shall advise with my friends as to what is to be done.至于该做些什么事,我会与朋友们协商好。

词语辨异

?advise sb to-v, advise v-ing

这两种结构的区别在于:

1.充当的句子成分不同:advise后的动名词是直接宾语; 而动词不定式是宾语补足语。

2.动作的逻辑主体不同:动词不定式所表示的动作的逻辑主体是其前的sb,即advise的宾语,与句子的主语不是同一个〔些〕人; 而动名词所表示的动作的逻辑主体或者没有明确指出,或者由其前的物主代词表示; 可能是与句子主语不同的人,也可能是包括句子主语在内的一些人。综合上述两点,简言之,以人作宾语时用动词不定式作宾语补足语; 不以人而以动作作直接宾语时用动名词。试比较以下两句:

advise with, advise sb

二者的区别在于:advise with其后常接人作宾语,即advise with sb,意为“与人商量”,句中的主语和with的宾语是以比较平等、友好的方式进行交谈、协商,属于美式英语的正式用法; advise sb 是“劝告某人做或不做某事”,常出现在advise sb to do sth 、advise sb not to do sth 或advise sb against sth/doing sth结构中。

advise, acquaint, inform, notify, tell

参见acquaint条。

advise, caution

参见caution条。

?advise, counsel

这两个词的共同意思是“劝告”。其区别在于:

1.advise可用于对重要的事情提出意见或劝告,也可用于对一般事情提出意见或劝告; 而counsel则主要用于对重要的事情提出意见或劝告。例如:

Would you counsel our giving up the plan?你会建议我们放弃这个计划吗?

2.语气上, counsel比advise更正式庄重,指深思熟虑后郑重提出的意见或建议。

3.advise的名词形式是advice,而counsel名词与动词同形。

advise, persuade

参见persuade条。

正误解析

我们的老师建议谨慎地做这项工作。

[误] Our teacher advised to do the work carefully.

[正] Our teacher advised doing the work carefully.

[析] advise可接动名词作宾语,但不可接动词不定式作宾语。

学习参考

1.advise的人称宾语后可接动词不定式,也可接that从句,例如:

她劝她丈夫不要吸烟。可译为She advised her husband not to smoke.也可译为She advised her husband that he shouldn't smoke.这两种译法中前者更合乎习惯。

2.“advise+n./pron.+to-v”结构中的动词不定式一般认为是宾语补足语,但近来有语法学家认为该动词不定式在句中作双宾语中的直接宾语,只要用提问的方式把动词不定式变为答语,就可以知道这种观点的根据所在了。例如:

What did he advise you?—He asked me to rest.他建议你干什么?——他叫我休息。

3.advise with sb on〔about〕 sth 作“与…商量…”解,在英式英语中是古旧用法,但在美式英语中却是现代的正规用法。英式英语中表示“与…商量…”用consult with sb on〔about〕 sth。

补充资料

[派生词] advisor,-er n. 顾问;提建议者

[同义词] counsel, induce, inform, notify, persuade, recommend, suggest, urge, warn

[词源] <拉丁语advisum<advidere(按照我的看法)

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