世界经典英语散文《 散文最重要的品质》

2018年3月29日14:25:13 发表评论 109

简介与鉴赏

选文是一篇关于散文的短论,全文只有一段,以简短的二百四十几个词论述散文的品质--合理,这样一个大题目。全文共七句话,分别从散文本身、作者、读者三个角度谈散文的品质:前三句讲散文本身,中间三句讲作者,最后一句讲读者。复杂长句的使用和句子之间完美的衔接显示了作者运用文字的简练和写作手法的老练。这篇文章本身就是作者所推崇的优美散文的范例,"沉稳的文风","不允许那些满含激情,但又与他的初衷毫不相干的词语或形象来激发他的感情","从作品的整体和各部分之间的和谐关系里,去创造自己的美"。

世界经典英语散文《 散文最重要的品质》

需要指出,克拉顿-布罗克的观点适用于古典散文,现代散文早已打破了这些条条框框,但这篇散文依然意义重大,因为它很好地说明了如何欣赏古典散文之美。

01 散文最重要的品质 The Cardinal Virtue of Prose

英文正文

Prose of its very nature1is longer than verse, and the virtues2peculiar to it manifest3themselves gradually. If the cardinal4virtue of poetry is love, the cardinal virtue of prose is justice; and, whereas love makes you act and speak on the spur5of the moment, justice needs inquiry6, patience, patience, and a control even of the noblest passions7. By justice here I do not mean justice only to particular people or ideas, but a habit of justice in all the processes of thought, a style tranquillized8and a form moulded9by that habit. The master of prose is not cold, but he will not let any word or i mage inflame10him with a heat irrelevant11to his purpose. Unhasting12, unresting, he pursues13it, subduing14all the riches of his mind to it, rejecting15all beauties that are not germane16to it; making his own beauty out of the very accomplishment17of it, out of the whole work and its proportions18, so that you must read to the end before you know that it is beautiful. But he has his reward19, for he is trusted and convinces, as those who are at the mercy of their own eloquence20do not; and he gives a pleasure all the greater for being hardly noticed. In the best prose, whether narrative21or argument22, we are so led on as we read, thatwe do not stop to applaud23the writer, nor do we stop to question him.

经典语句

If the cardinal virtue of poetry is love, the cardinal virtue of prose is justice; and, whereas love makes you act and speak on the spur of the moment, justice needs inquiry, patience, and a control even of the noblest passions.

单词速记

1nature6n. 本性,性质

2virtue6n. 美德,优点

3manifest6v. 表明

4cardinal8adj. 主要的,基本的

5spur6n. 刺激物

6inquiry6n. 询问,调查

7passion6n. 激情,热情

8tranquillize8v. 使平静,使安静

9mould6v. 浇铸

10 inflame8v. 燃烧,激动

11 irrelevant8adj. 不相干的,不切题的

12 unhasting8adj. 从容不迫的

13 pursue6v. 追赶,追求

14 subdue6v. 使屈服,征服

15 reject6v. 拒绝,丢掉

16 germane8adj. 有密切关系的,贴切的,恰当的

17 accomplishment8n. 完成,成就

18 proportion6n. 比率,部分

19 reward6n. 报答,报酬

20 eloquence6n. 雄辩,口才,修辞

21 narrative8n. 叙述,讲述

22 argument6n. 争论,辩论

23 applaud8v. 喝彩,鼓掌欢迎

中文译文

散文最重要的品质

散文,就其本质而言,比韵文篇幅长,而且,其特有的品质是逐渐展现出来的。如果说诗最重要的品质是爱,散文最重要的品质就是合理;而且,尽管"爱"使你一时冲动而行动、而抒发,"合理"则需要调查,需要耐心,需要控制即使是最崇高的激情。关于合理,我不是指只针对具体人或具体思想的合理,而是指在思想的全过程中的一种合理的习惯,一种由此习惯所形成的沉稳的文风和由此习惯所造就的形式。散文大师并不冷漠,但他也不允许那些满含激情,但又与他的初衷毫不相干的词语或形象来激发他的感情。他不慌不忙、永不停止地追求着,克制着脑子里丰富的思想活动,摒弃所有与之无关的美,从完成的作品之中,从作品的整体和各部分之间和谐的关系里,去创造自己的美。因此,你必须把作品读完,才能知道它是美的。可是,他享有自己的报美。因此,你必须把作品读完,才能知道它是美的。可是,他享有自己的报偿,因为他取得人们的信任,他令人信服,正像那些单靠显弄雄辩的人们得不到这一报偿,道理是一样的。而且,他不露声色,这反而能给人更大的愉悦。我们在阅读最好的散文时,无论是叙事的还是说理的,是在情不自禁地一直读下去,而不会停下来向作者欢呼,也不会停下来向作者发问。

目前评论:0   其中:访客  0   博主  0

    发表评论

    :?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: