在美国适用于商务英语的一些习惯用语

2018年4月24日11:28:31 发表评论 156

This is a list of common idioms most often used in American Business.Although some are informal,they are important to understand in business dealings.

这一部分包括美国生意场合通用的习惯用语,虽然有些习惯用语不是很正式,但是在做生意的环境很重要,需要懂得。

在美国适用于商务英语的一些习惯用语

across the board:

【释义】in all areas of the business or the organization;an even effect.

【例句】The manager of our department announced that the company needs to make cuts across the board in order to save money.

bail out:

【释义】to provide financial assistance in order to save a business from financial ruin.

【例句】The U. S.government bailed out GM by buyiny up shares of the company.

bottom line:

【释义】the final result;money made or lost.

【例句】Before making any more investments in his company,he'll need to take a close look at his bottom line

bet on:

【释义】to believe that a result will be good;to take a risk or a chance.

【例句】Melissa's company is betting on consumer interest in green technologies in order to improve sales.

branch out:

【释义】to make a company larger by adding more locations or more products.

【例句】They want to branch out into the southwestern part of the state.

break even:

【释义】to show neither a profit nor a loss.

【例句】It's a good thing we had a good year last year and saved our cash because this year we're barely breaking even.

build up:

【释义】to increase.

【例句】We'll need to build up our inventory before the busy holiday season

buy drinks:

【释义】to buy alcohol for other people,usually at a bar or a restaurant.

【例句】You should have gone out with us last night.The boss Was buying everyone drinks to celebrate a good quarter.

buy on credit:

【释义】to purchase something with borrowed money;to use a loan or a credit card to buy something.

【例句】We buy everything on credit and then pay it off at the end of the month.

buy out:

【释义】to buy an entire company and take control of it;to pay an employee to leave a company,usually someone who is older and nearretirement.

【例句】Do you think there will be a buyout? We might lose our jobs if that happens.

CEO:

【释义】Chief Executive Officer:the head of the company.

【例句】The company’s stock fell sharply after it was announced that the CEO was leaving the company.

change course:

【释义】to do something that is completely different;to change direction.

【例句】We're changing course with the introduction of some new products next year.

do business with:

【释义】work another person or company;to exchange goods and services for money.

【例句】It's been a pleasure doing business with you.

double check:

【释义】check twice;to look at information more than oncee.

【例句】Let me double check those numbers and I'll get back to you

figure out:

【释义】to think of an answer oneself;to fix a problem.

【例句】After studying the problem over several weeks,Emril finally figured out why his customers weren't coming into the store.

gangbusters:

【释义】great;very successful.

【例句】At first we weren't doing very well with our sales,but now we're going gangbusters.

get back to:

【释义】call back;return with information.

【例句】I'm sorry,I don't have the name of the person who hosted the conference.Let me get back to you with that.

go public:

【释义】to make ownership of a company available to the general public through the sale of shares stock in the company.

【例句】If I had purchased Apple when they went public,l'd be a very rich mart right now

hard sell:

【释义】to work very hard at selling something;to push one's products on a customer.(This is not a good thing to do!)

【例句】Kevin grew tired of the salesman's hard—sell approach,so he quickly left the store.

in the black:

【释义】the period during which a company shows a profit.

【例句】Many retailers aren't in the black until around Thanksgiving.

in the red:

【释义】the period during which a company shows a loss.

【例句】It looks like we're going to stay in the red for the rest of the year

keep at it:

【释义】keep working;don’t give up.

【例句】Owning and operating a popular restaurant isn't easy,but if you keep at it,you will succeed.

make out:

【释义】to do well;to be successful.

【例句】Joe must have made out pretty well this week because he's buying everyone drinks.

make a profit

【释义】to makemoney;subtract expenses from gross sales to find out the net profit.

【例句】Felicia's store is going to make a very large profit on the sale of those computers.

make up:

【释义】to consist of;to be a part of.

【例句】Our staff is made up dedicated professionals who take pride in their work

(be)on the market:

【释义】available to the general public for purchase.

【例句】The Chevy Volt won't be on the market until later this year.

pay off:

【释义】to pay all of something that was purchased on credit.

【例句】You should try to pay off your credit cards as soon as possible;otherwise,you'll have to continue to pay a large amount ofinterest every month.

put out:

【释义】produce;make;manufacture.

【例句】They're putting out tk finest furniture that you can buy at these prices.

sell off:

【释义】to sell one thing or to sell all the pieces of a company.

【例句】Uri decided to sell off his business and retire to Florida.

sell out:

【释义】to sell all of a company's products or tickets.

【例句】The children's toys became popular so quickly that they sold out within a week.No one could find them anywhere.

ship out:

【释义】to send products by mail.

【例句】The manufacturing plant in China will ship out the parts we need tomorrow.

take a loss:

【释义】to lose money;expenses exceed sales;to sell something at a price that is higher than the cost of acquisition.

【例句】It's okay to take a loss on that investment.We can write it off on our taxes.

take a nosedive:

【释义】to go down;to suddenly decrease in value.

【例句】The stock we bought last year took a nosedive yesterday when its quarterly profits were announced.

take 0ff:

【释义】to do very well;to become successful.

【例句】After five years of struggling to succeed,our business is finally starting to take off.

take over:

【释义】to become responsible;to take control of something;to become the new owner.

【例句】Ed Wilson is going to take over the position of CEO in August.

turnover:

【释义】attrition;the constant change in employess hired and then lost by a company due to firing or quitting.

【例句】The rate of employee turnover is too high for this company.We don't have enough experienced people at any one time

tool:

【释义】anything that helps you achieve a desired result:skills.software,incentives,rubrics,spreadsheets,databases,etc.This is a very popular word used in business—so popular,in fact,that its overuse has turned it into a crutch word.

【例句】Our company wants tou use this software as a tool for reinventing itself.

tool box/tool kit:

【释义】a collection of tools described above

【例句】We're going to need all the tools in the tool kit in order to focus on this problem

work on:

【释义】to improve something;to create something new.

【例句】Danielle is working on a new sales presentation.

work out:

【释义】to find a solution;to come to an agreement.

【例句】Do you think we can work out n deal?We really want to buy this car.

write off:

【释义】to take a deduction on taxes;something that decreases the amount of money that is paid in taxes.

【例句】We can write off the cost of this lunch if we spend a little time talking about doing business together.

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